Pug – Aristocratic charmer on four paws

“Life without a pug is possible. But Pointless” – Loriot (German humorist). And said with good reason, the pug is a lively charming and loyal companion, yet loving and affectionate. You can’t resist their grumpy face and big eyes, however, do not be fooled, pugs are intelligent and know exactly what arms to pull in order to wrap their people around their paws.

The emperor’s doggie

The Pug is an aristocratic dog in its ancestry, with origins that go back to China around 2000 years ago, where it was only allowed to be kept by monarchs as the “imperial dog”. In the 16th century, pugs came to Europe via Dutch dealers. Here they were soon also very popular among aristocratic circles; Queen Victoria was known to have kept a whole pug pack. The quirky dog ​​was quickly featured in vogue as a fashion animal in fine women's circles. At the same time, the breed began to degenerate because the pug, as a living accessory in the salons, did not lead a dog life appropriate to the species. Interest in the pug faded at the end of the 19th century; however, they are currently experiencing a revival.

The Pug as a domestic dog

With a size up to 32 cm shoulder height, the pug is one of the so-called mini Molossers. They were not born to be a sports dog or watchdog, but have a career in another area, they are an ideal companion dog, especially for seniors. For this, their attachment and their need for physical contact predestine them. Due to its small size, it is well suited as a city and apartment dog. The pug is also a good beginner dog as they are compatible with children and other pets.

Pugs like water and do enjoy retrieving games, however, they are by no means athletes, jogging and running on a bike are not suited for this gorgeous breed of dog. They are much more suited to extensive digging and romping, climbing on sofas and even their owners. Climbing stairs is unhealthy for Pugs so perhaps it is better to have your pug on your arm.

Health and care of the pug

The care of this dog breed is demanding. The fur, usually in the pug colours of beige or black, is easy to care for, however, regular brushing is necessary because the pug tends to shed hair. The face needs extensive care and the skin folds must be kept clean and supple, your vet will have special care products for the ears, and regular cleaning of the eyes and nose is also mandatory. Also, pay attention to a balanced diet, pugs tend to be overweight, which they cannot compensate for through exercise.

Due to their short nose, pugs are predisposed to respiratory diseases which is down to their breeding. Today, breeders are trying to give the pug a little more "nose" to counteract these problems. Furthermore, the protruding eyes cause problems with the cornea, and approximately every hundredth pug suffers from pug dog encephalitis, an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Be sure to buy your pug from a reputable breeder and find out more about the parent animals! So that you can enjoy living with your Pug for as long as possible.


  • Breed: Pug
  • Origin: China
  • Classification: Companion and service dog
  • Size: Up to 32cm shoulder height
  • Weight: 6.5-9kg
  • Anatomy: Curled tail, short, round head, light bite, robust, compact body
  • Eyes: Slightly protruding
  • Ears: Button or rose ears
  • Fur and colour: short haired, soft, smooth-fitting; Colours beige, black, apricot, white or silver with black face mask
  • Particularities: is sensitive to heat and physical exertion
  • Character: affectionate, funny, brave and agile
  • Maintenance: Daily brushing, special care for ears and skin fold necessary.