Jack Russell Terrier – a small cheeky badger causes hustle and bustle
They are small, nimble and enthusiastic with a droll nature that’s hard not to love. The Jack Russel is a charming clown and very clever at the same time. However, that shouldn’t hide the fact that the little dog needs consistent training and an experienced owner. There is a thoroughbred hunting dog in every Jack Russell, nonetheless as long as they are kept to their character, they will develop into a balanced family dog.
The hunter from the Rectory
The Jack Russell actually bears its name from its first breeder; the pastor John Jack Russell, who was a passionate fox hunter and used to breed fox terriers. In 1890 he bought a female Terrier named Trump who turned out to be the progenitor of this charming breed. After foxes settled in Australia in 1850 there was a new need for fox hunting terriers. England also had a problem so this breeding style continued on both continents. The characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier, especially the physique matched the conditions of the differing local areas. The British variant developed with slightly longer legs compared to its Australian counterpart, however the term Jack Russell Terrier is commonly used for body types.
Character of the Jack Russell
Fearlessness and self-confidence, perhaps up to a slight megalomania characterise the Jack Russell. The agile four-legged friend cannot hide its origin as a fearless hunter, they are often found chasing everything that moves, from squirrels to the neighbour’s cat. With retrieving games you can steer this hunting instinct towards regulated paths. But be warned, they love games more than most and can remain entertained for hours. Vigilant and smart, Jack Russell’s are also good watchdogs. They are very affectionate and constantly seek contact with their owner. It should be noted that they are incredibly courageous and anything or anyone that comes in their way will be barked at as they are very communicative and brisk.
Raising and keeping the Jack Russell Terrier
Due to their heritage, the Jack Russell requires consistency and stimulus through stimulating employment. If there isn’t enough of this, they tend to turn to mischief and will take the mickey out of their owner as they don’t see them as the alpha. If they believe that they can challenge the social ranking of the family pack they will, so it is crucial that you make sure they learn who is in charge early on. The animals are generally well tolerated with older children; living with other pets should be carefully tested, however. Jack Russell’s like to dig for their lives and do not stop at well-tended flower beds. Nevertheless, with a good upbringing, they will obey, can be called up and adapt to their owner in their activities. The small bundle of energy needs a lot of exercise and ideally a plot of land that it can guard and defend. Jack Russell Terriers are comfortable with active people who devote a lot of time to them and romp with them.
Tips for grooming the Jack Russell
Grooming is rather easy with their smooth-haired bodies. Brushing and combing are sufficient, however, sometimes a trim is required if they are shaggy. Get them used to regular checks of claws, eyes and teeth as they can be prone to tartare, this can, however, be prevented through appropriate chewing measures.
- Breed: Jack Russell Terrier
- Origin: Great Britain
- Classification: Terrier
- Size: 25-30cm shoulder height
- Weight: 5-6kg
- Anatomy: longer than they are tall, hanging tail
- Eyes: Dark and almond shaped
- Ears: V-shaped and folded forwards
- Fur and colour: short haired, smooth, base colour white with black brown or tan badges
- Particularities: Smart and witty
- Character: Fearless, confident, lively, friendly and intelligent
- Maintenance: Comb, brush, trim for wire-haired dogs regularly