Chihuahua – small dog with a big ego
Small but powerful! The Mexican Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world, with their size coming in at anywhere between 12 and 25cm shoulder height. With a maximum of 3kg they are also incredibly light and easy to hold. However, despite many people doing so, they should not be carried in a handbag, the mini dog wants action that corresponds to its southern temperament.
The origin of the Chihuahua lies in the fog of the past. The breeding of very small dogs as sacrificial and food animals is said to have existed with the Toltecs, a Central American high culture with a heyday between the 10th and 12th centuries. Another theory assumes the origin in the older Aztec culture or even in ancient Egypt. Much later, descendants of the indigenous Mexican population sold small puppies to tourists in the Chihuahua province. So the tiny dog came to the USA and started its career there, since 1905 even as a recognized pedigree dog, a distinction is made between the long-legged Deer and the more powerful Cobby type. Both types are available as long and short hair variants.
Character of the Chihuahua
The small temperament bundle is playful and cuddly towards his people. The Chihuahua cleverly knows how to push itself to the front when it does not feel that it is being paid enough attention to. The character of the Chihuahua is sociable and enterprising, but has a very pronounced pack behaviour and feels at ease with fellow species. The characteristics of the Chihuahua is a certain self-overestimation, which they show in their behaviour towards other dogs, sometimes with aggression shown through barking. They may be small but, but this doesn’t take away from their feisty nature. While long-haired specimens are more gentle and tolerable, the short-haired chihuahuas often behave vigorously and try to take the lead.
Raising and keeping the Chihuahua
As tiny as the Chihuahua is - it is a normal dog that you must take seriously as such. The little four-legged friend does not differ in behaviour and needs from larger peers. However, its delicacy requires a certain sensitivity: Make sure that the little one is not harmed by over the top firm handling or accidental kicks in crowds. It is also preferable to wear a harness over a collar to prevent injuries. The Chihuahua needs attention: if it doesn't get enough, it responds with jealousy. Its lively nature makes the small bundle of energy the ideal companion if you give it a lot of exercise and can offer an exciting dog entertainment program. Urban residents tend to be the most seen owners due to the size being able to look after in an apartment easily. Chihuahuas feel at home in an apartment - provided that there is no shortage of exercise and play. The Chihuahua is almost tireless outdoors, willing to learn and, despite its size, also well suited for agility sports.
Care of the Chihuahua
A Chihuahua enjoys a full care program. You should brush the silky fur regularly and treat your dog to some pampering when possible. A soft baby brush is ideal for the delicate fur. In the cold season, the best way to protect your Chihuahua from the cold and wet is with a dog coat. Also pay attention to their eyes as they can be prone to tears. Ideally, the vet of your choice should have experience with small dogs. The chihuahua tends to have problems with their big eyes producing goop. Offer him regular dental care chewing items. The life expectancy of the Chihuahua is around 16 years and is usually higher the larger the animal is.
- Breed: Chihuahua
- Origin: Mexico
- Classification: Companion and service dogs
- Size: 12-25cm shoulder height. Individual cases up to 35cm
- Weight: 1.5-3kg
- Anatomy: Dainty, apple shaped head with pointed muzzle, curved tail
- Eyes: Disproportionately large, round
- Ears: High protruding
- Fur and Colour: Long and short hair variants with little undercoat, soft and silky. Variety of colours
- Particularities: Freezes easily, so have many blankets and coats to help keep them warm
- Character: Lively, attentive, cuddly, prone to jealousy and overconfidence
- Maintenance: brush regularly, bathe every six months